Deardorff, D. K. (2006). Identification and assessment of intercultural competence as a student outcome of internationalization. Journal of Studies in International Education, 10(3), 241-266.

Hammer, M. R. (2012). The Intercultural Development Inventory: A new frontier in assessment and development of intercultural competence. In M. Vande Berg, R. M. Paige, & K. H. Lou (Eds.), Student learning abroad: What our students are learning, what they’re not, and what we can do about it (pp. 115-136). Sterling, VA: Stylus.

Kim, Y. Y. (2009). The identity factor in intercultural competence. In D. Deardorff (Ed.), The SAGE handbook of intercultural competence (pp. 304-320). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publishing, Inc.

Ting-Toomey, S. (2005). Identity negotiation perspective: A theoretical framework. In W. B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Theorizing about intercultural communication (pp. 211-233). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publishing, Inc.



'Cultural Detective' series.

The Cultural Iceberg, developed by Language & Culture Worldwide.

Hofstede's 'Dimensions of National Culture', developed by Professor Geert Hofstede, Gert Jan Hofstede, and Michael Minkov.

‘Intercultural Competence’ resource, developed by Center for Teaching Excellence, Boston College.

Intercultural Competences: Conceptual and Operational Framework, developed by UNESCO.

The Intercultural Development Continuum (IDC™), developed by Dr. Mitch Hammer and IDI, LLC.

The Process Model of Intercultural Competence, developed by Dr. Darla Deardorff.