Deardorff, D. K. (2006). Identification and assessment of intercultural competence as a student outcome of internationalization. Journal of Studies in International Education, 10(3), 241-266.

Hammer, M. R. (2012). The Intercultural Development Inventory: A new frontier in assessment and development of intercultural competence. In M. Vande Berg, R. M. Paige, & K. H. Lou (Eds.), Student learning abroad: What our students are learning, what they’re not, and what we can do about it (pp. 115-136). Sterling, VA: Stylus.

Kim, Y. Y. (2009). The identity factor in intercultural competence. In D. Deardorff (Ed.), The SAGE handbook of intercultural competence (pp. 304-320). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publishing, Inc.

Ting-Toomey, S. (2005). Identity negotiation perspective: A theoretical framework. In W. B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Theorizing about intercultural communication (pp. 211-233). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publishing, Inc.



The Cultural Iceberg, developed by Language & Culture Worldwide.

The Intercultural Development Continuum (IDC™), developed by Dr. Mitch Hammer and IDI, LLC.

The Process Model of Intercultural Competence, developed by Dr. Darla Deardorff.

Intercultural Competences: Conceptual and Operational Framework, developed by UNESCO.

Hofstede's 'Dimensions of National Culture', developed by Professor Geert Hofstede, Gert Jan Hofstede, and Michael Minkov.

'Cultural Detective' series.